Tredmolen - Money that you don't have to spent, on things you don't need, ...

Money that you don't have to spent, on things you don't need, ...

,... to create impressions, that won't last on people, you don't care about.

Aldus de Engelse hoogleraar Tim Jackson. In een filmpje waarin een Engels rapport over korter werken wordt gepromoot. Het rapport werd in februari 2010 gepubliceerd op de website van de NEF, een denktank die economie en milieu met elkaar wil verzoenen (NEF is the UK's leading think tank promoting social, economic and environmental justice. Our purpose is to bring about a Great Transition – to transform the economy so that it works for people and the planet).

Filmpje en rapport passen in een trend die steeds zichtbaarder wordt. We staan aan de vooravond van een groot debat over korter werken, een basisinkomen en de vraag wat een 'goed leven' inhoudt. Historicus Rutger Bregman probeert het debat in Nederland op gang te brengen. In Engeland deden vader en zoon Skidelsky een duit in het zakje. En acht jaar eerder Richard Layard, een econoom. In de Verenigde Staten verscheen al in 2007 het boekje The 4-hour workweek van Timothy Ferris.
In dit Engelse rapport wordt gepleit voor een 21-urige werkweek. En allen verwijzen terug naar de beroemde econoom John Maynard Keynes die in 1930 al een tijd voorzag waarin we nog maar 15 uur per dag zouden (hoeven te) werken. We zijn nog lang niet zo ver, maar de crises (meervoud) dwingt ons na te gaan denken over alternatieven.

De titel van het rapport is 21 hours : why a shorter working week can help us all to flourish in the 21st century.
In het filmpje (4:03) worden vier personen aan het woord gelaten:
Anna Coote, econoom (filmpje: New economoy. Why we shoudl work 21 hr week)
Tim Jackson, econoom, auteur van: Welvaart zonder groei : economie voor een eindige planeet (2010)
Robert Skidelsky, econoom. Samen met zijn zoon, filosoof Edward auteur van: Hoeveel is genoeg : geld en het verlangen naar een goed leven (2013)
Juliet Schorr, econoom (artikel: After the jobs disappear)

Enkele citaten uit dit rapport

Voetafdruk
A deliberately chosen shorter working week could provide the foundations for a more universal good life for two vital reasons. First, redistributing paid work will lead to a more equal society. Secondly, spending less time working to feed our consumer habits (which fail to deliver happier lives), means we will find it much easier to do the things we value but haven’t enough time for: looking after children and other family members and friends; spending time with each other; volunteering; getting out and about; reading; or learning that skill or language that we always said we would. These are all things that can increase our own well-being and that of others, making society a better and more convivial place to be. Importantly, these other ways of using time also have a much lighter footprint on the Earth. (p. 6)

Tredmolen
A 21-hour week would help get people off the consumer treadmill. If a much shorter working week became the norm, with everyone using their time differently and many people earning less, ideas would change about what really makes a good life and how much money is ‘enough’ to live on. To serve the interests of ‘hyper-capitalism’ over the last half-century, we have grown used to the idea that we live to work, work to earn, and earn to consume. We consume not just to survive and flourish and enjoy our lives, but to signal who we are and where we stand in the world, especially in relation to others. What we feel we need and what satisfies our needs are inflated well beyond what is actually required to live a good and satisfying life. We buy much more than enough stuff. Directly or indirectly, the stuff we buy consumes finite natural resources on which our lives ultimately depend. A much shorter working week would transform the logic of paid employment and help to change how we value things. (p. 17)

'Vrije tijd'
We all need time to spend on everyday activities, beyond basic personal maintenance, that we choose. These are the things we do for ourselves and for or with people close to us – seeing friends and neighbours, walking, cycling and other kinds of exercise, playing games, making and listening to music, inventing and creating, watching movies and TV, cooking, reading, studying, reflecting, hanging out, doing ‘nothing’... however described, our ‘free time’ is not strictly part of any productive or reproductive regime, but important nonetheless. It gives texture, space, and individuality to human experience, and underpins our sense of autonomy. (p. 23)



(dinsdag 26 november 2013)
Hans van Duijnhoven

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